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ISO standards, test suites, best-practice guides…

The PDF Association publishes a variety of documents and other resources for those interested in leveraging PDF technology, and as of Q4 2021, also sells the ISO standards relating to PDF technology as developed by ISO TC 171 SC 2.

In addition to formal ISO standards many PDF Association publications developed through our publications process are freely available.

PDF Association members may access process documents and drafts of upcoming ISO standards via the Member Area.

FEATURED RESOURCE

ISO 32000 (PDF)

PDF 2.0

ISO 32000 is the family of ISO standards that defines the core PDF specification for both PDF 1.7 and PDF 2.0.

ISO 32000-2 Document management Portable Document Format Part 1 PDF 2.0 cover with PDF Association logo


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EA-PDF

EA-PDF is a new project to define the essential characteristics and optimal functional requirements of email messages and necessary related information in a PDF technology-based archive.



Print workflow and metadata

Print workflow and metadata standards are used to communicate the intended appearance, processing steps, or job tickets for printed products through the use of existing PDF features.

Example PDF with processing step optional groups visible (from ISO 19593-1)


ISO 32000 (PDF)

ISO 32000 is the family of ISO standards that defines the core PDF specification for both PDF 1.7 and PDF 2.0.

ISO 32000-2 Document management Portable Document Format Part 1 PDF 2.0 cover with PDF Association logo


ISO 16613 (PDF/VCR)

PDF/VCR enables variable data printing applications using PDF template-based variable content substitution and a framework for in-RIP variable content merging.

ISO 16613-1 Graphic technology - Variable content replacement Part 1 cover page with PDF Association logo


ISO 16612 (PDF/VT)

The ISO 16612 family of standards defines PDF/VT for supporting variable data and high-volume transactional printing. PDF/VT builds on top of PDF/X.

ISO 16612-3 Graphic Technology Variable Exchange using PDF/X-6 PDF/VT-3 cover


ISO 15930 (PDF/X)

The ISO 15930 family of standards define PDF/X, which support the graphic arts and professional printing sectors.

ISO 15930-9 Graphic Technology Prepress digital data exchanged using PDF Part 9: Complete exchange of printing data cover


RFC 8118 (application/pdf Media Type)

RFC 8118 defines the application/pdf Media Type and provides an overview of PDF fragment identifiers.

PDF icon with upper right corner folded down and red arrow pointing right and gray arrow pointing left


PDF 3D Formats

PDF 1.7 introduced interactive 3D support using the U3D file format. PDF 2.0 expanded 3D support to include the ISO PRC format, and an ISO extension will soon be published supporting STEP (AP242) 3D models.

ISO 14739-1 Document management - 3D use of Product Representation Compact (PRC) format Part 1 PRC 10001 cover with PDF Association logo


ISO 16684 (XMP)

ISO 16684 is the ISO family of standards that defines XMP (eXtensible metadata platform) for XML-based metadata. XMP is widely used across PDF and other file formats, and is mandated by many ISO PDF subsets.

ISO 16684-1 Graphic technology - extensible metadata platform with PDF Association logo (XMP) - Part 1: Data model cover


ISO 19444 (XFDF)

ISO 19444 specifies an XML format for representing forms data and annotations in ISO 32000-2 (PDF 2.0). It is the XML equivalent of FDF.

ISO 19444-1 Document management XML Forms Data Format Part 1 Use of ISO 32000-2 XFDF 3.0 cover with PDF Association logo