With more than 200 participants, this year’s PDF Days Europe was the largest to-date. Early feedback from attendees makes clear that it was also a great success.PDF/X in a Nutshell
PDF for printing – The ISO standard PDF/X was the first ISO standard based on PDF technology. A subset of the PDF specification, PDF/X was designed to constrain PDF files in order to cater to specific use-cases in the print industry. Content Introduc …Final agenda of the PDF Europe 2017 available as download
More than 150 attendees have registered for the PDF Days Europe 2017 so far!PDF/X and the other PDF standards
by Dietrich von Seggern Specialized ISO standards based on the Portable Document Format are available for a wide range of purposes. PDF Originally developed by Adobe Systems in 1993, PDF 1.7 became an open standard in 2008 as ISO 32000-1. PDF 2.0 will …Further quality requirements: PDF/X-Plus
by Stephan Jaeggi PDF/X only defines the general requirements for a reliable exchange of prepress data; the ISO standard itself does not specify quality requirements. These requirements are different for each printing process (sheetfed offset, web offs …
As we reported yesterday, those in the crypto world are well-aware that Google and others have proven that SHA-1, the venerable cryptographic hash function standard, is dead. The consequences, however, are yet to be determined. Somewhere, it is safe to assume, between very very bad and catastrophic.
Among many other potential points of disruption, this recently announced SHA-1 collision attack, as PC World reported, can break code repositories that use the Subversion (SVN) revision control system. To prove the point, it seems, the WebKit browser engine repository became corrupted after someone committed two different PDF files with the same SHA-1 hash to it.
The team responsible for uncovering this vulnerability state on their website, SHAttered.io:
The could have used a variety of different file-types to make this point, but PDF files, of course, contain more information and benefit from more trust.
The PDF specification up through ISO 32000-1 (PDF 1.7) allowed use of SHA-1 for a variety of hashing functions. However, in PDF 2.0, SHA-1 is formally deprecated for use in digital signatures. This means that a PDF 2.0 writer should not use SHA-1 to make a message digest, and a PDF 2.0 reader may reject signatures that still use SHA-1.
Does this mean that PDFs that were signed using the SHA-1 algorithm in the past suddenly become invalid? In principle, it is now proven that the contents of such a PDF can be changed without invalidating the signature. However, the problem only exists in situations where companies didn’t upgrade their document systems to the latest standards.
“For those who are stuck with SHA-1 in their existing repositories of PDF documents, PDF 2.0’s new Document Security Store (DSS) including Validation-Related Information (VRI), as well as a document time-stamp (DTS) signature,” says iText founder Bruno Lowagie. “The document time-stamp signature (subtype ETSI.RFC3161) is an additional signature that should use a more recent hashing algorithm to create the message digest. The procedure of adding a DSS and a document time-stamp should be repeated before the certificate of the last signature that was added expires, or when there are indications that the algorithms that were used, whether the cryptographic hash function or the encryption algorithm, could be jeopardized,” Lowagie said.
PDF developers can test their software – and its response to SHA-1 – in the PDF 2.0 context long before it gets to customers. In January, the PDF Association announced two PDF 2.0 interop workshop events in the UK, and USA, to help PDF developers test their PDF 2.0 files or implementations against others.
The death of SHA-1 makes an excellent case for testing new encryption models and circumstances. Billions of PDF files worldwide rely on secure digital signatures, encryption and other features that use hashing to disambiguate documents. PDF 2.0 is an excellent opportunity to negate this risk for PDF users.