ISO standards, test suites, best-practice guides…

The PDF Association publishes a variety of documents and other resources for those interested in leveraging PDF technology, and as of Q4 2021, also sells the ISO standards relating to PDF technology as developed by ISO TC 171 SC 2.

In addition to formal ISO standards many PDF Association publications developed through our publications process are freely available.

PDF Association members may access process documents and drafts of upcoming ISO standards via the Member Area.


ISO 32000 (PDF)

PDF 2.0

ISO 32000 is the family of ISO standards that defines the core PDF specification for both PDF 1.7 and PDF 2.0.

ISO 32000-2 Document management Portable Document Format Part 1 PDF 2.0 cover with PDF Association logo



Digital preservation and nuclear disaster (animation)

“Team Digital Preservation” saves the world from nuclear disaster.

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The PDF/A family

What are the requirements, conformance levels and timelines associated with implementing PDF/A, the industry standard for archiving PDFs for long-term preservation? That was the topic assigned to Global Graphics’ CTO Martin Bailey, the UK’s primary expert on PDF/A for the …

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4th International PDF/A Conference Proceedings

Contents What you need to know about PDF/A and PDF/A-2 Legal Certainty Accessibility and Metadata Archives & Libraries Public Administration Business to Consumer The Portable Document Format – developed by Adobe Systems and first published in 1993 – offers a …


Introducción al PDF/A (Español)

El PDF/A es el PDF para el archivado a largo plazo. El PDF/A que fue aprobado a finales de 2005, es el primer formato de archivo que ya es un estándar ISO, garantiza que los documentos que se crean hoy, …


The PDF/A elevator pitch

The “PDF/A Elevator Pitch” gives a short introduction of PDF/A. http://youtu.be/fsBWB5DSwG4

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PDF/A kompakt

PDF/A ist das PDF für die Langzeitarchivierung. PDF/A – Ende 2005 verabschiedet – ist das erste Dateiformat, das als ISO-Standard garantiert, dass nun offene Dokumente in Zukunft erstellt und verwendet werden können. Mit “PDF/A in a Nutshell” erhält der Anwender …


Technical Note 0009: XMP Extension Schemas in PDF/A-1

This TechNote explains how to construct an XMP extension schema for PDF/A-1. It complements TechNote 0008: Predefined XMP Properties in PDF/A-1. Both TechNotes should be used in combination as follows: If metadata requirements for PDF/A-1 documents arise, first consult the …


Technical Note 0008 – Predefined XMP Properties in PDF/A-1

This TechNote lists all XMP schemas and properties which are allowed in PDF/A-1. Most importantly, it covers the predefined XMP schemas for use in PDF/A-1. In addition to providing a convenient summary, it also contains notes and recommendations regarding the …


Technical Note 0003 – Metadata in PDF/A-1

PDF/A-1 imposes certain requirements and restrictions on document metadata in a compliant PDF/A-1 file where certain information is required to be encoded as XMP metadata, while corresponding entries in the document information dictionary for a document may be present but …


Technical Note 0001 – PDF/A-1 and Namespaces

A PDF/A-1 file must be identified as such by the presence of a certain entry in its XMP document metadata. In order to be able to retrieve this entry reliably, it is essential that all syntactical requirements for storing metadata …