It’s a question that vexes vendors of web-based solutions everywhere: why do people still insist on PDF files? And why does PDF’s mindshare keep going up? “PDF is such antediluvian technology!” they say. “It’s pre-web, are you kidding me? It’s so old-f …PDF Association technical resources: an overview
PDF is PDF because files produced with one vendor’s software can be read using a different vendor’s software with no loss of fidelity. Interoperability is key to our industry. The PDF Association is a international membership organization dedicated to …2022: The last year of paper for records-keeping
NARA (The National Archives and Records Administration) is the final depository for the long-term records generated by all other agencies of the U.S. Federal Government. The agency has a key role in preserving the cultural history of the republic as we …PDF 2.0 examples now available
The PDF Association is proud to present the first PDF 2.0 example files made available to the public. Created and donated to the PDF Association by Datalogics, this initial set of PDF 2.0 examples were crafted by hand and intentionally made simple in construction to serve as teaching tools for learning PDF file structure and syntax.PDF 2.0 interops help vendors
The PDF 2.0 interop workshops included many vendors with products for creating, editing and processing PDF files. They came together in Boston, Massachusetts for a couple of days to test their own software against 3rd party files.
by Dietrich von Seggern
PDF/X is a subset of PDF – see “Technical side and requirements of PDF/X” for an overview. As such, conforming with PDF/X means accepting specific requirements and restrictions to the use of the PDF format.
One principle of PDF/X is that conforming files must be complete, i.e. fully self-contained. In addition, nothing may appear on a PDF/X page that is either not printable at all (such as video or 3D) or where print output is not fully defined (for example, if a font is not embedded). While the first rule is rather easy to implement, the latter is more difficult. PDF allows for many complex situations, for example, colors in semi-transparent overlapping objects. In other cases, it may not be clear whether objects on a layer are to be printed. There are many other cases of interdependencies in which it is difficult to determine whether the print result is unambiguously defined, or not.
Certain features needed only for some print applications (e.g., a bleed zone) are not required in PDF/X as they are not required in all print products. Wherever it makes sense in such cases, however, PDF/X requires that if such information is present, it must be accurate. PDF/X requires, for example, that if a bleed zone is defined then that zone must not be enclosed by the trimmed print product.
These requirements apply in all parts and conformance levels of PDF/X.
PDF/X does not include provisions that although important, may vary depending on the printing conditions, e.g. the minimum image resolution or the bleed zone.
Other non-ISO standards have been developed based on PDF/X that cover such production specific requirements (see “Further quality requirements: PDF/X-Plus” for further information).